Trade policy is a subject that does not necessarily come to mind when you think of the FDA. But in fact, there are two reasons why the FDA is closely following trade policy: protecting our rules and authorities and using trade agreements as a vehicle to promote public health. Sectoral chapters, including Chapter 12, on FDA-regulated products have not been considered in most previous trade agreements, including NAFTA. Therefore, the inclusion of these annexes by the USMCA is an innovation not only in U.S. trade policy, but also for international public health. The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached agreement on a modernized, quality chapter of intellectual property (IP) that provides effective protection and protection and intellectual property rights essential to promoting innovation, economic growth and supporting American jobs. On March 1, 2019, many organizations representing the agricultural sector in the United States announced their support for the USMCA and asked Congress to ratify the agreement. They also called on the Trump administration to continue to support NAFTA until the new trade agreement is ratified.  On March 4, House Ways and Means President Richard Neal predicted a “very hard” path through Congress for the agreement.  Starting March 7, senior White House officials met with members of the Ways and Means House of Representatives, as well as moderate cackles from both parties, such as the Solver Caucus, the Tuesday Group and the Blue Dog Coalition, to seek ratification support. The Trump administration also withdrew from the threat to withdraw from NAFTA as negotiations with Congress continued.  The “Environment” chapter contains the most comprehensive environmental commitments applicable to the former U.S. Agreement, including commitments to combat trade in wild plants, wood and fish; Strengthen law enforcement networks to curb human trafficking; and address pressing environmental issues, such as air quality and marine waste.
The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA.   Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA came into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labour rules. Coronavirus can also complicate implementation as manufacturers adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis. On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020.