Annex 7 Dayton Peace Agreement


Annex 7 of the agreement should be essential for the future stability of the region, as it recognized the right of all displaced persons to return to their homes of origin or to obtain compensation for property to which, for one reason or another, they were unable to return. In addition, the parties to the agreement had to implement a return plan to be drawn up by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. They also had to commit themselves to providing the necessary assistance and taking the necessary political, economic and social measures to ensure the voluntary return of refugees and displaced persons. An independent commission, based in Sarajevo, would be responsible for settling property and compensation rights. But four years of war had left a legacy of mistrust that ended the hope that those who had been driven out would return easily or easily to live side by side in peace. This climate of mistrust and fear between different ethnic groups continued and many refused to return home. Many of those who returned were discriminated against in trying to access the labour market or other public services such as health or education. The protection of returnees and their homeland, particularly in the case of minorities, was essential to the initial success of the repatriation, and a more active participation of the post-war Multinational Peacekeeping Force (SFOR) could have contributed to increasing the number of returnees at this early stage. To all these difficulties has been added the pressure on some European countries to repatriate hundreds of thousands of Bosnian refugees, although funds for the reconstruction of damaged houses, the construction of new houses or the financing of compensation claims have been limited. in negotiators and signatories, who entrusted the security of minorities` return to the same authorities as their ethnic cleansing during the war. The signing of the agreement ended the war, but after twenty years, thousands of people are still displaced and solutions to the legacy of the war are still needed. The Dayton Peace Agreement, signed on 21 November 1995, ended the war. The clash of separatist and ethnic interests in the Balkans gave rise to a war that began in early 1992 and in which the use of force against civilians shocked the world.

During this conflict, the term “ethnic cleansing” was coined to describe the use of torture, rape, indiscriminate killings, internment in detention camps, and the expulsion of thousands of civilians from their homes and cities in order to achieve ethnic “purity.” An estimated 263,000 people died and more than two million people were displaced, out of a pre-war population of 4.4 million. Of those displaced, about one million remained in the country and up to 1.2 million fled to other countries. Germany took in about 350,000 refugees, Croatia about 300,000 and Austria 80,000, followed by Slovenia with more than 33,000 and Switzerland with nearly 27,000. The Netherlands and Denmark each took in around 23,000 refugees, the UK and Norway 12,000 and 13,000 respectively. About 610,000 of the refugees were Bosniaks, 307,000 Bosnian Croats, 253,000 Bosnian Serbs and another 23,000. Annex 7 of the Dayton Peace Agreement is expected to address the displacement of 2.2 million people during the 1992-95 Bosnian War. His work is not finished. . . .